/* Utility routines for data type conversion for GNU C.
Copyright (C) 1987, 88, 91-95, 97, 1998 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GNU C.
GNU CC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
any later version.
GNU CC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GNU CC; see the file COPYING. If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA. */
/* These routines are somewhat language-independent utility function
intended to be called by the language-specific convert () functions. */
#include "config.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "convert.h"
#include "toplev.h"
/* Convert EXPR to some pointer or reference type TYPE.
EXPR must be pointer, reference, integer, enumeral, or literal zero;
in other cases error is called. */
tree
convert_to_pointer (type, expr)
tree type, expr;
{
if (integer_zerop (expr))
{
expr = build_int_2 (0, 0);
TREE_TYPE (expr) = type;
return expr;
}
switch (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (expr)))
{
case POINTER_TYPE:
case REFERENCE_TYPE:
return build1 (NOP_EXPR, type, expr);
case INTEGER_TYPE:
case ENUMERAL_TYPE:
case BOOLEAN_TYPE:
case CHAR_TYPE:
if (TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (expr)) == POINTER_SIZE)
return build1 (CONVERT_EXPR, type, expr);
return
convert_to_pointer (type,
convert (type_for_size (POINTER_SIZE, 0), expr));
default:
error ("cannot convert to a pointer type");
return convert_to_pointer (type, integer_zero_node);
}
}
/* Convert EXPR to some floating-point type TYPE.
EXPR must be float, integer, or enumeral;
in other cases error is called. */
tree
convert_to_real (type, expr)
tree type, expr;
{
switch (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (expr)))
{
case REAL_TYPE:
return build1 (flag_float_store ? CONVERT_EXPR : NOP_EXPR,
type, expr);
case INTEGER_TYPE:
case ENUMERAL_TYPE:
case BOOLEAN_TYPE:
case CHAR_TYPE:
return build1 (FLOAT_EXPR, type, expr);
case COMPLEX_TYPE:
return convert (type,
fold (build1 (REALPART_EXPR,
TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (expr)), expr)));
case POINTER_TYPE:
case REFERENCE_TYPE:
error ("pointer value used where a floating point value was expected");
return convert_to_real (type, integer_zero_node);
default:
error ("aggregate value used where a float was expected");
return convert_to_real (type, integer_zero_node);
}
}
/* Convert EXPR to some integer (or enum) type TYPE.
EXPR must be pointer, integer, discrete (enum, char, or bool), or float;
in other cases error is called.
The result of this is always supposed to be a newly created tree node
not in use in any existing structure. */
tree
convert_to_integer (type, expr)
tree type, expr;
{
enum tree_code ex_form = TREE_CODE (expr);
tree intype = TREE_TYPE (expr);
int inprec = TYPE_PRECISION (intype);
int outprec = TYPE_PRECISION (type);
/* An INTEGER_TYPE cannot be incomplete, but an ENUMERAL_TYPE can
be. Consider `enum E = { a, b = (enum E) 3 };'. */
if (!TYPE_SIZE (type))
{
error ("conversion to incomplete type");
return error_mark_node;
}
switch (TREE_CODE (intype))
{
case POINTER_TYPE:
case REFERENCE_TYPE:
if (integer_zerop (expr))
expr = integer_zero_node;
else
expr = fold (build1 (CONVERT_EXPR,
type_for_size (POINTER_SIZE, 0), expr));
return convert_to_integer (type, expr);
case INTEGER_TYPE:
case ENUMERAL_TYPE:
case BOOLEAN_TYPE:
case CHAR_TYPE:
/* If this is a logical operation, which just returns 0 or 1, we can
change the type of the expression. For some logical operations,
we must also change the types of the operands to maintain type
correctness. */
if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (ex_form) == '<')
{
TREE_TYPE (expr) = type;
return expr;
}
else if (ex_form == TRUTH_AND_EXPR || ex_form == TRUTH_ANDIF_EXPR
|| ex_form == TRUTH_OR_EXPR || ex_form == TRUTH_ORIF_EXPR
|| ex_form == TRUTH_XOR_EXPR)
{
TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0) = convert (type, TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0));
TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1) = convert (type, TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1));
TREE_TYPE (expr) = type;
return expr;
}
else if (ex_form == TRUTH_NOT_EXPR)
{
TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0) = convert (type, TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0));
TREE_TYPE (expr) = type;
return expr;
}
/* If we are widening the type, put in an explicit conversion.
Similarly if we are not changing the width. After this, we know
we are truncating EXPR. */
else if (outprec >= inprec)
return build1 (NOP_EXPR, type, expr);
/* If TYPE is an enumeral type or a type with a precision less
than the number of bits in its mode, do the conversion to the
type corresponding to its mode, then do a nop conversion
to TYPE. */
else if (TREE_CODE (type) == ENUMERAL_TYPE
|| outprec != GET_MODE_BITSIZE (TYPE_MODE (type)))
return build1 (NOP_EXPR, type,
convert (type_for_mode (TYPE_MODE (type),
TREE_UNSIGNED (type)),
expr));
/* Here detect when we can distribute the truncation down past some
arithmetic. For example, if adding two longs and converting to an
int, we can equally well convert both to ints and then add.
For the operations handled here, such truncation distribution
is always safe.
It is desirable in these cases:
1) when truncating down to full-word from a larger size
2) when truncating takes no work.
3) when at least one operand of the arithmetic has been extended
(as by C's default conversions). In this case we need two conversions
if we do the arithmetic as already requested, so we might as well
truncate both and then combine. Perhaps that way we need only one.
Note that in general we cannot do the arithmetic in a type
shorter than the desired result of conversion, even if the operands
are both extended from a shorter type, because they might overflow
if combined in that type. The exceptions to this--the times when
two narrow values can be combined in their narrow type even to
make a wider result--are handled by "shorten" in build_binary_op. */
switch (ex_form)
{
case RSHIFT_EXPR:
/* We can pass truncation down through right shifting
when the shift count is a nonpositive constant. */
if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1)) == INTEGER_CST
&& tree_int_cst_lt (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1),
convert (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1)),
integer_one_node)))
goto trunc1;
break;
case LSHIFT_EXPR:
/* We can pass truncation down through left shifting
when the shift count is a nonnegative constant. */
if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1)) == INTEGER_CST
&& tree_int_cst_sgn (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1)) >= 0
&& TREE_CODE (TYPE_SIZE (type)) == INTEGER_CST)
{
/* If shift count is less than the width of the truncated type,
really shift. */
if (tree_int_cst_lt (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1), TYPE_SIZE (type)))
/* In this case, shifting is like multiplication. */
goto trunc1;
else
{
/* If it is >= that width, result is zero.
Handling this with trunc1 would give the wrong result:
(int) ((long long) a << 32) is well defined (as 0)
but (int) a << 32 is undefined and would get a
warning. */
tree t = convert_to_integer (type, integer_zero_node);
/* If the original expression had side-effects, we must
preserve it. */
if (TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (expr))
return build (COMPOUND_EXPR, type, expr, t);
else
return t;
}
}
break;
case MAX_EXPR:
case MIN_EXPR:
case MULT_EXPR:
{
tree arg0 = get_unwidened (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0), type);
tree arg1 = get_unwidened (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1), type);
/* Don't distribute unless the output precision is at least as big
as the actual inputs. Otherwise, the comparison of the
truncated values will be wrong. */
if (outprec >= TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (arg0))
&& outprec >= TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (arg1))
/* If signedness of arg0 and arg1 don't match,
we can't necessarily find a type to compare them in. */
&& (TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (arg0))
== TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (arg1))))
goto trunc1;
break;
}
case PLUS_EXPR:
case MINUS_EXPR:
case BIT_AND_EXPR:
case BIT_IOR_EXPR:
case BIT_XOR_EXPR:
case BIT_ANDTC_EXPR:
trunc1:
{
tree arg0 = get_unwidened (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0), type);
tree arg1 = get_unwidened (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1), type);
if (outprec >= BITS_PER_WORD
|| TRULY_NOOP_TRUNCATION (outprec, inprec)
|| inprec > TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (arg0))
|| inprec > TYPE_PRECISION (TREE_TYPE (arg1)))
{
/* Do the arithmetic in type TYPEX,
then convert result to TYPE. */
register tree typex = type;
/* Can't do arithmetic in enumeral types
so use an integer type that will hold the values. */
if (TREE_CODE (typex) == ENUMERAL_TYPE)
typex = type_for_size (TYPE_PRECISION (typex),
TREE_UNSIGNED (typex));
/* But now perhaps TYPEX is as wide as INPREC.
In that case, do nothing special here.
(Otherwise would recurse infinitely in convert. */
if (TYPE_PRECISION (typex) != inprec)
{
/* Don't do unsigned arithmetic where signed was wanted,
or vice versa.
Exception: if either of the original operands were
unsigned then can safely do the work as unsigned.
And we may need to do it as unsigned
if we truncate to the original size. */
typex = ((TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (expr))
|| TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (arg0))
|| TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (arg1)))
? unsigned_type (typex) : signed_type (typex));
return convert (type,
fold (build (ex_form, typex,
convert (typex, arg0),
convert (typex, arg1),
0)));
}
}
}
break;
case NEGATE_EXPR:
case BIT_NOT_EXPR:
/* This is not correct for ABS_EXPR,
since we must test the sign before truncation. */
{
register tree typex = type;
/* Can't do arithmetic in enumeral types
so use an integer type that will hold the values. */
if (TREE_CODE (typex) == ENUMERAL_TYPE)
typex = type_for_size (TYPE_PRECISION (typex),
TREE_UNSIGNED (typex));
/* But now perhaps TYPEX is as wide as INPREC.
In that case, do nothing special here.
(Otherwise would recurse infinitely in convert. */
if (TYPE_PRECISION (typex) != inprec)
{
/* Don't do unsigned arithmetic where signed was wanted,
or vice versa. */
typex = (TREE_UNSIGNED (TREE_TYPE (expr))
? unsigned_type (typex) : signed_type (typex));
return convert (type,
fold (build1 (ex_form, typex,
convert (typex,
TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0)))));
}
}
case NOP_EXPR:
/* If truncating after truncating, might as well do all at once.
If truncating after extending, we may get rid of wasted work. */
return convert (type, get_unwidened (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0), type));
case COND_EXPR:
/* It is sometimes worthwhile to push the narrowing down through
the conditional and never loses. */
return fold (build (COND_EXPR, type, TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0),
convert (type, TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1)),
convert (type, TREE_OPERAND (expr, 2))));
default:
break;
}
return build1 (NOP_EXPR, type, expr);
case REAL_TYPE:
return build1 (FIX_TRUNC_EXPR, type, expr);
case COMPLEX_TYPE:
return convert (type,
fold (build1 (REALPART_EXPR,
TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (expr)), expr)));
default:
error ("aggregate value used where an integer was expected");
return convert (type, integer_zero_node);
}
}
/* Convert EXPR to the complex type TYPE in the usual ways. */
tree
convert_to_complex (type, expr)
tree type, expr;
{
tree subtype = TREE_TYPE (type);
switch (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (expr)))
{
case REAL_TYPE:
case INTEGER_TYPE:
case ENUMERAL_TYPE:
case BOOLEAN_TYPE:
case CHAR_TYPE:
return build (COMPLEX_EXPR, type, convert (subtype, expr),
convert (subtype, integer_zero_node));
case COMPLEX_TYPE:
{
tree elt_type = TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (expr));
if (TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (elt_type) == TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (subtype))
return expr;
else if (TREE_CODE (expr) == COMPLEX_EXPR)
return fold (build (COMPLEX_EXPR,
type,
convert (subtype, TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0)),
convert (subtype, TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1))));
else
{
expr = save_expr (expr);
return
fold (build (COMPLEX_EXPR,
type, convert (subtype,
fold (build1 (REALPART_EXPR,
TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (expr)),
expr))),
convert (subtype,
fold (build1 (IMAGPART_EXPR,
TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (expr)),
expr)))));
}
}
case POINTER_TYPE:
case REFERENCE_TYPE:
error ("pointer value used where a complex was expected");
return convert_to_complex (type, integer_zero_node);
default:
error ("aggregate value used where a complex was expected");
return convert_to_complex (type, integer_zero_node);
}
}
/* Convert EXPR to some vector type TYPE.
EXPR must be vector;
in other cases error is called. */
tree
convert_to_vector (type, expr)
tree type, expr;
{
register enum tree_code form = TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (expr));
if (form == VECTOR_TYPE)
return build1 (NOP_EXPR, type, expr);
error ("vector value expected");
return build_vector (type, integer_zero_node, integer_zero_node,
integer_zero_node, integer_zero_node);
}